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  • Owner: SNOWLAND s.r.o.
  • Registration certificate 06691200
  • 16200, Na okraji 381/41, Veleslavín, 162 00 Praha 6
  • Czech Republic

Assault between employees inside the company premises

Dear PAO,

After work hours, two of my co-employees argued about owing each other money, while they were still in the office. They pushed each other slightly until they were immediately stopped by their supervisor. This is the first time that the incident happened. Can our employer terminate their employment based on their altercation?


Dear Gil,

While an employer is given a wide latitude of discretion in managing its own affairs, in the promulgation of policies, rules and regulations on work-related activities of its employees, and in the imposition of disciplinary measures on them, the exercise of disciplining power, including the imposition of appropriate penalties on erring employees, must be practiced in good faith and for the advancement of the employer's interest; never for the purpose of defeating or circumventing the rights of employees under special laws or under valid agreements.

Relatedly, under our Labor Code, an employer may terminate an employment due to an employee's serious misconduct. In the case of G & S Transport Corporation vs. Reynaldo A. Medina (GR 243768, Sept. 5, 2022) the Supreme Court, through Associate Justice Ramon Paul Hernando, discussed the requisites to justify termination on the ground of serious misconduct, viz.:

«Misconduct is generally defined as 'a transgression of some established and definite rule of action, a forbidden act, a dereliction of duty, willful in character, and implies wrongful intent and not mere error in judgment.' Under Article 297 of the Labor Code, an employer may terminate the services of an employee on the ground of serious misconduct committed in connection with or relative to the performance of his duties:


»Art. 297. [282] Termination by Employer. — An employer may terminate an employment for any of the following causes:

"(a) Serious misconduct or willful disobedience by the employee of lawful orders of his employer or representative in connection with his work; xxx

«In labor cases, misconduct, as a ground for dismissal, must be serious or of such grave and aggravated character and not merely trivial or unimportant. To justify termination on the ground of serious misconduct, the following