Stocks lifted by China spending plan, oil down on Israel hope
HONG KONG, China — Most markets rose Wednesday after China unveiled plans for $137 billion in extra debt to boost infrastructure spending, while oil extended losses on hopes Israel will scale back its plans for a Gaza ground invasion.
Traders tracked a rally on Wall Street that was helped by a strong set of earnings from big-name firms including Coca-Cola, Verizon and 3M that fuelled optimism for the reporting season.
Still, geopolitical crises continue to cast a shadow, with a broader Middle East war still possible, and many fearing it could send crude and inflation soaring.
After another painful start to the week, Hong Kong led gains Wednesday after China approved a plan to issue 1 trillion yuan in sovereign bonds to be distributed to local governments to support national disaster prevention and recovery.
The move will lift the fiscal deficit ratio for 2023 to about 3.8 percent of gross domestic product, the official Xinhua news agency said Tuesday, well above the three percent usually considered Beijing's limit.
Leaders rarely alter the budget mid-year, but it did happen in 2008 after the Sichuan earthquake and during the Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s.
Bloomberg News reported that President Xi Jinping paid his first known visit to the central bank, indicating the increased focus the government is putting on the economy.
Zhang Zhiwei of Pinpoint Asset Management said the "surprise" move was "another step in the right direction –- China should make its fiscal policy more supportive, given the deflationary pressure in the economy".
The announcement follows a series of small, targeted measures aimed at lifting the economy, which has struggled to recover from the impact of years of zero-Covid measures.
It also comes after officials came under pressure for a bigger, wider-ranging spending pledge similar to that seen during the global financial crisis.
"This is not the bazooka, but one of the most significant incremental moves so far," Societe Generale Cross Asset Research wrote in a note.
Hong Kong was the stand-out performer Wednesday, jumping more than two percent, while Shanghai, Tokyo, Sydney, Taipei, Manila and Jakarta were also up.